Apache ile birden fazla domain çalıştırmak. Multiple multi domain apache web service configuration

As complete beginner, I have been trying to host multiple domains on one Apache VPS. Tutorials had too much information that lead me to confusion.

Below I describe, for complete beginners, how to host multiple domains on one VPS server with Ubuntu and Apache.

IMPORTANT! You need to use root account to execute most operations.

IMPORTANT! If you have been trying to make some changes to apache configuration before, undo them.

Creating VirtualHosts

Create folders for your domains on server. For example:

/home/apache/domain1

/home/apache/domain2

Put index.html file in each folder with any text.

This is domain1
This is domain2

Go to /etc/apache2/sites-available folder.

/etc/apache2/sites-available

Create file domain1

sudo nano domain1.conf

<VirtualHost *:80>
DocumentRoot /home/apache/domain1
ServerName domain1.com
ServerAlias www.domain1.com
</VirtualHost>

Create file domain2

sudo nano domain2.conf

<VirtualHost *:80>
DocumentRoot /home/apache/domain2
ServerName domain2.com
ServerAlias www.domain2.com
</VirtualHost>

You can create subdomains same way.

sudo nano blog.conf

<VirtualHost *:80>
DocumentRoot /home/apache/blog
ServerName blog.domain.com
ServerAlias www.blog.domain.com
</VirtualHost>

Enable created sites

sudo a2ensite domain1.conf
sudo a2ensite domain2.conf

Restart apache

sudo service apache2 reload

Redirecting domain to server

Created VirtualHosts will work only if you redirect your domain name to server IP. Domains are just names that can be translated to IP numbers.

Local computer

To test your configuration on local machine, you need to edit hosts file.

sudo nano /etc/hosts

It should look like this.

127.0.0.1       localhost domain1.com domain2.com

Hosts file tells your computer that domain needs to be redirected to local machine.

IMPORTANT! If you create entry in hosts file for existing domain, for example

127.0.0.1       stackoverflow.com

you will loose access to this website.

Server

In order to redirect domain to you web server, you need to create or modify “A”-type DNS record for given domain to IP address of your server. You can do it by panel control provided by your domain registrar.

If you do not know IP address of your server, log in to that server and type in command line:

ifconfig


Hatalar ve çözümleri :
mv /etc/apache2/sites-available/mysite.com /etc/apache2/sites-available/mysite.com.conf

conf dosyasi olmali yoksa
sudo a2ensite domain1  çalışmıyor.
sudo a2ensite domain1.conf olmalı 
 Diğer komutlar ile disable etmek.

# enable site
sudo a2ensite

# disable site
sudo a2dissite

# enable an apache2 module
sudo a2enmod

# e.g. a2enmod php4 will create the correct symlinks in mods-enabled to allow the module to be used. In this example it will link both php4.conf and php4.load for the user

# disable an apache2 module
sudo a2dismod

# force reload the server:
sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 force-reload
 
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